Det Norske Kartselskapet AS

Kart og historie over Norge

Digital Maps on Your GPS – Det Norske Kartselskapet AS

Kategori: Det Norske Kartselskapet AS | 0 kommentarer » - tirsdag 12. juni , 2012

GPS receivers differ in mapping capability. Some models can display your navigational data overlaid on a digital map. Available maps can include marine (nautical charts), topographical, satellite imagery and street maps. Make sure the mapping-capable receiver you want supports the maps you want to use.

Some units have preloaded maps typically featuring cities and major roads; others may be more detailed. Most GPS receivers, however, do not come preloaded with detailed topographic maps.

Check before you purchase that preloaded maps are of a type and scale you will use, as this software takes up a lot of internal memory and often is not erasable. Supplemental maps can usually be added through optional software.

There are several types of software that you can use along with your GPS.

 

  • Proprietary mapping software from GPS receiver brands such as Garmin and DeLorme may be all that you need.
  • Mapping software helps you load useful trip information into your GPS and then print a quality paper map. You can view a digital topographic map on your computer, study elevation profiles and mark key waypoints. Plug in your GPS and you can download this data to the unit. The trip information will be visible on the GPS «map» screen, even if you have no digital topographic maps uploaded. Next you can design and print a paper map, which can include the waypoints and routes for your trip. This makes comparison of the map to the GPS screen easy.
  • Waypoint management software is optimized to get data and maps onto your GPS. The trip planning functions will be more limited, and this type of software is generally not ideal for creating paper maps.

In general, the type of GPS unit you buy determines the choice of digital maps available to you. Study the software you would like to use to check compatibility before making your purchase.

Types of Digital Maps

Digital maps for a GPS can be downloaded via the web, purchased on a DVD-ROM or an SD card (depending on the type of GPS unit you have selected). Some mapping software applications may also allow map-sets to be loaded onto a specific model of GPS.

WebPros: Broad selection of high quality maps, low price.
Cons: Takes time to download. Requires computer interface to load mapping software onto your handheld.

MicroSD CardPros: Pops right into your handheld. It doesn’t even require a computer, so this is a good option if you’re not comfortable with technology.
Cons: Planning your trip in advance is very difficult using this type of mapping software. All of that data on your handheld may slow down some older processors as it renders each page. If you lose your handheld, you lose your software too.

DVD-ROMPros: Load the information on your computer to plan your trip and save your waypoints onto your handheld. If you lose your handheld, you haven’t lost your software.
Cons: Requires computer interface to load mapping software onto your handheld.

Satellite ImageryPros: Lets you integrate high-resolution satellite views with your maps for a true picture of your surroundings.
Cons: Optional feature requires a subscription fee to download imagery and obtain updates.

Map Scales

1:24,000Pros: The same scale as 7.5-minute USGS maps, this software shows covered areas in greater topographical detail than 1:100,000 scale maps. Garmin 24K TOPO mapping has detailed topo mapping and accurate street mapping, plus it supports auto-routing on compatible units. With auto-routing, you can pick a destination in the backcountry or in town, and get turn by turn directions on paved roads, dirt roads and backcountry trails.
Cons: Doesn’t cover nearly as much area as 1:100,000 scale.

1:100,000Pros: Covers a much bigger area than 1:24,000 scale maps.
Cons: Provides less topographical detail than 1:24,000 maps.

http://www.rei.com

Det Norske Kartselskapet AS

Comparing GPS Features – Det Norske Kartselskapet AS

Kategori: Det Norske Kartselskapet AS | 0 kommentarer » - tirsdag 12. juni , 2012

All handheld GPS models provide basic navigation functionality. Many additional features are available that can enhance your GPS unit’s usefulness.

Interface: Some models provide familiar touch screens that are intuitive and may be customized by the user. Push-button units can be more easily used with gloves or just by touch (like on a bike), and the functions are clearly labeled.

Color screen: A color display makes reading data and maps very easy, especially when navigating water near land. A few models have black-and-white screens, which helps keep costs down.

Memory: Much like a digital camera, GPS units store data internally and/or on a microSD card. They need this memory to store map data, waypoints, routes and, in some models, even audio, pictures and video. More memory lets receivers hold more data.

Paperless geocaching capability: Data obtained from geocaching.com or opencaching.com includes the cache’s description, coordinates, hints, difficulty and terrain. Some GPS receivers can download and display all of that data, saving you the trouble of printing it out. Learn more about paperless geocaching in this video from Garmin.

Barometer/altimeter: A barometric altimeter lets you estimate elevation when your receiver does not have decent satellite reception. A barometer is excellent for gauging weather trends. Both tools, however, require a bit of practice and skill. Barometric altimeters rely on ambient, ever-changing air pressure to estimate altitude, so you must calibrate it often. Barometers predict weather best when stationary, as air pressure can change significantly with altitude.

Electronic compass: A GPS receiver only knows what direction it’s going in while it’s moving. Stand still and it offers no clue—unless you add an electronic compass. This feature can point you in the right direction while standing still. Like the altimeter, it must be calibrated before use. Keep your liquid-filled compass handy as a backup, and remember that features like altimeters, barometers and compasses drain your battery faster when enabled.

Quadrifilar helix antenna: Unlike the flat patch antenna, which gets its best reception when held horizontally, the spiraling «quad helix» antenna gets the same reception regardless of whether held horizontally, upright in your pocket or stuffed into your pack lid.

High-sensitivity chipset: Newer GPS units contain high-sensitivity chipsets that permit the GPS to use a weaker satellite signal when calculating your position. This improves performance under trees or in canyons.

 

Digital camera: You can leave your point-and-shoot at home when you pack a GPS receiver with integrated digital photo and video camera. Not only can these models take a photo and display it back to you, they also «geo-tag» the photo so you can see where on the map you snapped the shot.

Wireless data transfer: This allows your GPS receiver to communicate with compatible GPS units or other devices within a 10-foot range without using cumbersome cords or cables. Garmin’s ANT+ technology transfers data between ANT-enabled GPS units and ANT-enabled heart rate monitors and bicycle cadence units. You can wirelessly share geocaches, waypoints, routes and tracks between compatible units—a real convenience when hiking or geocaching with friends.

Support of mapping software: Some GPS units can support mapping software and others cannot. The base map provided on many handheld GPS units are very limited. You want to choose a GPS that supports the software requirements you have or need. You can also choose units that have preloaded maps which save you the additional cost of buying maps separately. The coordinate type you use—UTM (Universal Transverse Mercator) or latitude/longitude—may or may not be supported by all GPS units.

Two-way radio: Some devices have integrated Family Radio Service (FRS) radios for up to 2 miles of range and General Mobile Radio Service (GMRS) radios with a range of up to 14 miles (in ideal conditions), plus they get the latest forecast from the NOAA 7-channel weather radio.

Tracker/satellite messaging units: Some GPS units can send your location and text messages to friends, families or search-and-rescue teams via satellite. Other GPS units can warn you when friends, pets or property move outside of a predetermined area. They then work with cell phone networks to send information on their current location to your mobile phone.

Battery life: Compasses and altimeters are very cool bells and whistles on your handheld, but they drain the juice quickly. If you have these features but aren’t using them, disable them. Some GPS units support rechargeable nickel metal hydride (NiMH) batteries or Lithium disposable batteries. Rechargeable NiMH batteries are economical; Lithium disposable batteries last longer, especially in cold weather.

http://www.rei.com

 

Det Norske Kartselskapet AS

GPS Accuracy – Det Norske Kartselskapet AS

Kategori: Det Norske Kartselskapet AS | 0 kommentarer » - tirsdag 12. juni , 2012

GPS accuracy is generally around 30 feet (9 meters). A WAAS-enabled (Wide Area Augmentation System) GPS unit can achieve position accuracy of better than 10 feet (3 meters) under ideal conditions, particularly if it has a high-sensitivity chipset.

WAAS consists of a network of ground-based stations in North America that send GPS error corrections to a series of satellites for relay back to your GPS unit. This improves the accuracy of your GPS whenever these satellites are in view and you have enabled WAAS in your settings.

http://www.rei.com

Det Norske Kartselskapet AS

 

What GPS Receivers Don’t Do – Det Norske Kartselskapet AS

Kategori: Det Norske Kartselskapet AS | 0 kommentarer » - tirsdag 12. juni , 2012

Have realistic expectations for your GPS receiver in order to maximize safety and minimize disappointment.

Your GPS receiver will not replace a map and compass. Why not? A paper map won’t break when you drop it, and a liquid-filled compass never runs out of batteries. Betting everything on your GPS receiver is a recipe for disaster.

Your GPS receiver will not get a perfect satellite signal all of the time. Dense vegetation or a deep canyon can obstruct satellite signals. Occasionally, the satellites themselves aren’t in an optimal position for accurate calculation of your location.

http://www.rei.com

Det Norske Kartselskapet AS

The 4 Basic Functions of a GPS Receiver

Kategori: Det Norske Kartselskapet AS | 0 kommentarer » - søndag 10. juni , 2012

All of the GPS receivers available at REI offer these basic functions:

Display position: A GPS receiver can tell you where you are right now by displaying your present coordinates. Your handheld can also show you where you are in relation to other waypoints you’ve programmed, while mapping-capable units can show you where you are on a digital map.

Record a track-log: A GPS receiver records your travel when this feature is enabled; it’s like leaving a trail of digital bread crumbs. This is useful for those wishing to keep a record of their hike, run, or ride. It will also allow you to follow back in their own footsteps.

Point-to-point navigation: A GPS can direct you to a destination or waypoint by giving you the direction and distance to a given coordinate.

Route navigation: You can string together or download a series of waypoints to create a planned path of movement or route.

How to Choose a Handheld GPS Receiver

Kategori: Det Norske Kartselskapet AS | 0 kommentarer » - søndag 10. juni , 2012

GPS receivers are highly useful outdoor tools. They can provide information on your current location, directions to your destination, and feedback on your progress and performance to your destination. This article focuses on handheld GPS units and not automotive or fitness models.

Should I Use a GPS or Smartphone?

While some smartphones can be used for navigation, a handheld GPS unit offers some key advantages.

  • Durability: Handheld GPS units are rugged and built for backcountry use. Unlike smartphones, most are waterproof so rain, snow or a dunk in the stream is not a problem.
  • Battery life: A handheld typically runs 15 hours or more per charge. Most use readily available AA batteries and have the option of using rechargeable batteries, alkaline or Lithium batteries for longer life. With smartphones, you are limited to a wall or car charger.
  • Coverage: All a GPS unit needs to accurately locate your position is a view of the sky. Most work well even in dense tree cover. GPS units are not limited by your cell phone provider’s coverage area.
  • Features: Handheld GPS units are equipped with the tools you need to navigate in the backcountry. Many include a barometer to help track changing weather conditions, an electronic compass for direction finding, and an altimeter/barometer for a better understanding of where you are on a vertical plane. Most units allow you to wirelessly exchange coordinates, trail routes and geocaches. You can even wirelessly connect to computers, heart rate monitors and other ANT-enabled devices.
  • Mapping: GPS units don’t require a cell-phone data connection to download mapping, so mapping is always available. Many GPS units support a variety of mapping options, including topographic, road and waterway mapping, plus satellite imagery. More detailed mapping does need to be bought separately, but it is a one-time cost.

Kongeriket Norge

Kategori: Det Norske Kartselskapet AS | 1 kommentar » - tirsdag 1. mai , 2012

Norway.gif

Kongeriket Norge er et nordisk land vest på den skandinaviske halvøya. Til lands grenser Norge mot Sverige, Finland og Russland i øst. Landet er langt og smalt, og kysten strekker seg langs Nordatlanteren med havområder som Skagerrak, Nordsjøen, Norskehavet og Barentshavet, hvor også Norges kjente fjorder befinner seg. Øya Jan Mayen i nordvest er administrert som en del av hovedlandet og grenser til havs mot islandsk farvann. Øygruppen Svalbard er under norsk suverenitet med de begrensninger Svalbardtraktaten setter, men er i likhet med Jan Mayen en del av kongeriket. Bouvetøya i Sydatlanteren er derimot et norsk biland. Norge gjør også krav på Peter 1.s øy i det sørlige Stillehavet og territoriet Dronning Maud Land i Antarktis, men begge disse omfattes av Antarktis-traktaten, som legger territoriale krav i Antarktis på is. På grunn av uenighet om delelinjen mellom norsk og russisk territorialfarvann i Barentshavet, finnes det et område som inntil videre blir administrert av begge statene, den såkalte Gråsonen. Norge er delt inn 19 fylker samt to «sysler», Svalbard og Jan Mayen. Fylkene er inndelt i totalt 430 kommuner. Begge disse administrasjonsnivåene styres av folkevalgte organ, fylkesting og kommunestyrer. I hovedstaden Oslo fungerer bystyret både som fylkesting og kommunestyre. Fylkesmannen er statens representant overfor lokale myndigheter. Hver kommune ledes av sin egen ordfører som er underordnet fylkets fylkesmann og som skal påse at Norges lover og statlige forskrifter blir fulgt, samt gi råd og veiledning ved behov. Oslo og Akershus har felles fylkesmann. På Svalbard finnes ett lokalstyre som tilsvarer kommunestyre på fastlandet. Her er sysselmannen statens øverste representant og politimyndighet. Ulike statsorganer deler Norge på andre måter. For eksempel har Den norske kirke elleve bispedømmer og helsevesenet har fire helseregioner. Fastlandet inndeles gjerne i de fem landsdelene Nord-Norge, Trøndelag, Vestlandet, Sørlandet og Østlandet. Denne inndelingen baserer seg på geografiske, historiske og språklige kriterier, men har ingen formell politisk betydning.

Norge har tre biland: Bouvetøya, Peter 1.s øy og Dronning Maud Land.

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